How to Change a Cell Value With VBA

Changing a cell value with VBA (Visual Basic for Applications) in Excel is a straightforward task. Here’s a basic introduction to how you can achieve this:

Change a Specific Cell’s Value

To change the value of a specific cell, you can use the following code:

Sub ChangeCellValue()
' Change the value of cell A1 in the active sheet to "Hello"
ActiveSheet.Range("A1").Value = "Hello"
End Sub

When you run this VBA macro, it will change the value of cell A1 in the active worksheet to “Hello.”

Change a Cell’s Value Based on Another Cell’s Value

Suppose you want to change the value of a cell based on the value of another cell. Here’s an example:

Sub ChangeBasedOnAnotherCell()
' If cell A1 contains the word "Test", then change cell B1 to "Success"
If ActiveSheet.Range("A1").Value = "Test" Then
ActiveSheet.Range("B1").Value = "Success"
End If
End Sub

When run, if cell A1 has the value “Test”, then B1 will be changed to “Success.”

Using Cell References

Instead of referencing a cell by its address (like “A1”), you can also use row and column indices. For instance, Cells(1, 1) refers to cell A1.


Sub ChangeCellValueUsingCells()
' Change the value of cell A1 (Row 1, Column 1) to "World"
ActiveSheet.Cells(1, 1).Value = "World"
End Sub

How to Run the VBA Code

  1. Press ALT + F11 to open the VBA editor in Excel.
  2. Insert a new module by right-clicking on any existing module on the left or on the VBAProject, then select Insert > Module.
  3. Paste the VBA code into this module.
  4. Close the VBA editor.
  5. Run the macro by pressing ALT + F8, selecting the macro from the list, and clicking “Run.”

Remember to save your Excel file as a macro-enabled workbook (.xlsm extension) if you want to save and later run the VBA macros.

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