A mapped drive is a feature in Windows and other operating systems that allows a user to assign a local drive letter (like Z: or H:) to a shared storage area or resource on another computer, typically on a network. Once a drive is mapped, it appears in “This PC” or “My Computer” and can be accessed like any local drive.
Here’s a detailed explanation of mapped drives:
1. Basics of a Mapped Drive:
- Drive Letter: A mapped drive has a designated drive letter (like Z:). This makes accessing the remote resource similar to accessing a local hard drive or a USB drive.
- Network Path: Behind the scenes, the mapped drive corresponds to a network path, which usually follows the Universal Naming Convention (UNC) format like
2. Use Cases:
- Ease of Access: For users who frequently access network resources, it’s easier to remember and navigate a drive letter than a full UNC path.
- Software Compatibility: Some software may not directly support network paths. Mapping a drive can sometimes be a workaround for this limitation.
- Collaboration: In a networked office environment, mapped drives can be used to provide teams or departments with shared storage spaces.
3. Creation of a Mapped Drive:
- Windows Explorer: In Windows, you can map a network drive using Windows Explorer by selecting “This PC” > “Computer” > “Map network drive.”
- Command Line: The
net usecommand in the Command Prompt can also be used to map drives.
- Scripting: For administrators managing many computers, scripts can be written to automatically map drives for users.
4. Persistence and Reconnection:
- Persistent Mapped Drive: This type of mapped drive remains connected across reboots. Even if the computer is restarted, the mapping remains, although the drive may not automatically reconnect if the network resource is unavailable during startup.
- Non-Persistent Mapped Drive: This type disappears once the user logs off or the computer is restarted.
5. Access and Permissions:
- Credentials: Mapping a drive may require network credentials (username and password). Once provided, the system can remember them, or the user might be prompted each time.
- Permissions: The access level (read, write, modify, delete) on a mapped drive depends on the permissions set on the network resource. Mapped drives obey the same permission constraints as if you accessed the resource directly via its UNC path.
6. Drawbacks and Considerations:
- Availability: If the network resource (like a server) is down, the mapped drive will be inaccessible.
- Latency: Accessing files over a network, especially a wide area network (WAN), can be slower than accessing local files. This can impact tasks that require high-speed data access.
- Security: Mapped drives can be a point of vulnerability. If malware infects a computer, it might spread via mapped drives. Admins should ensure proper network security protocols are in place.
7. Alternatives to Mapped Drives:
- Network Locations: Instead of mapping a drive, you can add a network location in Windows. This doesn’t assign a drive letter but does provide a shortcut in “This PC” for easier access.
- Cloud Storage: Solutions like Dropbox, Google Drive, and Microsoft OneDrive allow users to access remote files without traditional mapped drives.
In summary, mapped drives are a convenient way to simplify access to network resources by making them appear as local drives on a computer. Proper setup, along with consistent network availability and appropriate permissions, ensures users can efficiently and securely use mapped drives.